Bermuda and the Climate Emergency
The phrase Climate Emergency recognises that Climate Change is a threat that seems to be growing at an exponential rate. For the Bahamas, hurricanes like Dorian are now an existential threat of the Climate Emergency, claims respected Bahamian journalist Sloan Smith. Looking at the photographs and video footage of Abacos and Grand Bahama, it is not hard to imagine that there is some truth in Ms Smiths claim. Indeed, the residents of Barbuda and the British Virgin islands would likely share those sentiments after their frightening encounter with Hurricane Irma.
What makes these storms so unusual is their frequency. The Royal Gazette (Bermuda) also picks up this point in their opinion piece. The faded hurricane shutters have the previous hurricane encounters etched deep into the plywood. There is a consensus-building that seems to support the idea that we are getting more powerful and more frequent weather encounters. For some, this may be a political point, but it is a fact. Rising temperatures don’t make hurricanes more frequent, but they do help make them more devastating. Each of the last five years has seen Category 5 storms pass through the Atlantic, brewed over hotter than usual waters.
“While the science has yet to come in on the specifics of just how much worse climate change made Dorian, we already know enough to say that warming worsened the damage,”
Penn State University Distinguished Professor of Atmospheric Science Michael Mann and Texas A&M University Professor of Atmospheric Sciences Andrew Dessler.
Jill Trepanier, a hurricane climatologist and associate professor in the Department of Geography and Anthropology at Louisiana State University makes a fascinating and profoundly reflective statement in the following quote,
“For every degree Celsius or 1.8 degrees Fahrenheit, that the oceans warm, hurricane wind speeds increase by about 7%."
Given that we are witnessing these catastrophic events in the islands to our South, what should Bermuda do about Climate Change? Several very detailed studies should probably be dusted off the shelf and read quite carefully. The Bermuda National Trust produced one of the principal ones and perhaps the most comprehensive.
This study talks about events in the future, but we should also be thinking about how to respond to very devastating hurricanes like Irma and Dorian. We have infrastructure that is stronger and more likely to survive than tin and wooden constructions; nevertheless, we would be expected to suffer significant disruption and damage. Such damage would probably include our ports and airport runway. The new terminal should be higher, but to what extent it could cope would remain to be seen.
Our young people are going to have to face up to the challenges and be able to make some tough decisions. It is essential that they are educated about this issue and given a voice to speak. Most us us will be long gone one day. The next generation must be part of the solution. In order to participate in this challenge, educators must embrace the science, the reality and the human story of what is unfolding. This issue transcends politics, nations and people groups. You can read more about teaching about the Climate Emergency here.
The Climate Emergency In Bermuda.
A global problem... with devastating local consequences. From rising sea levels to increased hurricane activity, beach and cliff erosion to the loss of tourism gems, the Climate Emergency has frightening potential when it comes to small islands like Bermuda. The video below was recently aired in Bermuda and streamed around the world.
Toni Waterman is a rising journalistic star. She covers a wide range of issues with clarity and depth, however her skills as an educator and gifted communicator come into their own when covering complex issues. Here she explores the impact of global warming, and the tough remedies which are being considered.
The following organisations provide reviewed listings of the best available student and educators resources related to global climate change.
This collection of climate change lessons and activities for grades K-12 is aligned with Next Generation Science and Common Core Math Standards and incorporates NASA missions and science along with current events and research.
This reviewed collection of NASA Earth and space science resources is for educators of all levels: K-12, higher education and informal science education. Find climate resources in the collection at the following link, which can be filtered by audience, topic, instructional strategy and more.
Part of NOAA's "Teaching Climate" section, the National Climate Assessment offers a wealth of actionable science about the causes, effects, risks and possible responses to human-caused climate change.
The NASA-supported Earth System Science Education Alliance (ESSEA) provides modules for teachers taking ESSEA courses, but teachers may also use the modules with their students.
The CLEAN project, a part of the National Science Digital Library, provides a reviewed collection of resources students' understanding of the core ideas in climate and energy science, coupled with the tools to enable an online community to share and discuss teaching about climate and energy science.
The NASA Innovations in Climate Education (NICE) project, managed at Langley Research Center, includes a portfolio of 71 climate education initiatives that span across the nation and contribute to the development of a climate-literate public and a climate-related STEM workforce.
A collection of energy-related lesson plans, labs, projects and other activities for grades K-12 on energy-related topics, searchable by topic and grade level.