Mary Prince was a Bermudian Slave. She was born into enslavement on Bermuda around 1788, and sold away from her family at the age of ten. She was treated cruelly by a series of masters on several West Indian islands, enduring extreme hardship and sexual abuse. For years she was forced to work up to her waist all day in salt ponds, manufacturing salt. This work caused sun blisters on exposed parts of the body and painful boils and sores on the legs.
In 1828, she was brought from Antigua to England by her then owners, Mr and Mrs John Wood. Slavery was still legal in the West Indies, but no longer in Britain itself, so once in London, Prince left the Woods and went to the Anti-Slavery Society.
In 1829, she unsuccessfully petitioned parliament for her freedom, so she could return to her husband in Antigua without finding herself once again enslaved. She told her life story to abolitionist sympathisers, and it was published in 1831 as 'The History of Mary Prince' - attracting a large readership just as the anti-slavery movement was mounting a powerful and ultimately successful campaign for the emancipation of all Africans enslaved by the British.
Unfortunately, the remainder of Mary Prince's life is a mystery. It is unknown whether she died in Britain or was able to return, free, to Antigua.
(source BBC )
The Journey of Mary Prince
Margôt Maddison-MacFadyen is perhaps now the definitive scholar on the subject of Mary Prince. Her excellent website offers much more information on Mary Prince. Website link
Teaching About Mary Prince
Before Teachers prepare to approach this important subject, it is really worth looking at the Teaching pack because it has some excellent advice for any educator. This resource pack accompanies the Abolition 07 exhibition at Hackney Museum. The exhibition explores the history of Britain’s involvement in the transatlantic slave trade and the legacy of slavery in 2007.
This pack explores the British involvement in the transatlantic slave trade and some of the forgotten heroes in history who helped to abolish it, both male and female, black and white. It provides access points into the study of the transatlantic slave trade. It will enable you and your students to explore this important but largely forgotten part of everyone’s past. The legacy of enslavement lingers today so the bicentenary should have a profound significance for people of the African Diasporas and others all over the world.
The Anti-Slavery Society Convention, 1840
by Benjamin Robert Haydon
oil on canvas, 1841
© National Portrait Gallery, London
Why should we teach our children and young people about Mary Prince, enslavement and abolition?
‘Slavery involves human exploitation, indignity, suffering and
cruelty and the transatlantic slave trade provides many of the
worst examples. However, its history also illustrates the power of
the human spirit to retain dignity, to resist injustice and regain the
right to liberty, irrespective of race or culture’
National Maritime Museum (United Kingdom)
The American academic Emily M.N Kugler has plotted the journey of Mary Price. Beginning in Bermuda, moving to the Turks and Caicos Island, back to Bermuda, then Antigua, and finally England, the text covers a wide swath of the Atlantic World. This a distance of approximately 11,035 kilometres (6,856.83 miles)
Mary Prince Podcast - BBC
Professor Gretchen Gerzina explores a largely unknown past - the lives of black people who settled in Britain in the 18th and early 19th centuries. In this episode, Professor Gerzina explores the life of Mary Prince. listen to the Podcast
Voicing Slavery: Elizabeth Barrett Browning and Mary Prince (18 Oct 2011)
UCL Lunch Hour Lecture: Voicing Slavery: Elizabeth Barrett Browning and Mary PrinceProfessor Catherine Hall (UCL History)Women's voices were central to the s...
THE HISTORY OF MARY PRINCE by Mary Prince - FULL AudioBook | GreatestAudioBooks
THE HISTORY OF MARY PRINCE by Mary Prince - FULL AudioBook | GreatestAudioBooks - Mary Prince (c. 1788 - after 1833) was a British abolitionist and autobiogr...
Britain's legacy of slavery (UCL)
Professor Catherine Hall (UCL History) and her team in the project Legacies of British Slave-ownership are examining how modern Britain, from its art collect...
This video provides a general contextualisation to slavery in Britain.
Colonial North America’s slave trade begins when the first American slave carrier, Desire, is built and then launched in Massachusetts.
“We slept in a long shed, divided into narrow slips, like the stalls used for cattle. Boards fixed upon stakes driven into the ground, without mat or covering, were our only beds. On Sundays, after we had washed the salt bags, and done other work required of us, we went into the bush and cut the long soft grass, of which we made trusses for our legs and feet to rest upon, for they were so full of the salt boils that we could get no rest lying upon the bare boards.”
The Classic Slave Narratives, edited and with an Introduction by Henry Louis Gates, Jr., 1987, Penguin Books
Bermuda—Five Centuries by Rosemary Jones, 2004, Panatel VDS Ltd., Bermuda
The History of Mary Prince—A West Indian Slave, Related by Herself, edited with an introduction by Moira Ferguson, 1997, the University of Michigan Press
The History of Mary Prince—A West Indian Slave, edited with an introduction by Sara Salih, 2004, Penguin Books.
“Mary Prince—A Model of Courage and Independence” by Dr. Moira Ferguson, The Bermudian, May 1994.
“Slave story ‘exciting discovery’”—The Mid-Ocean News, January 8, 1988, pages 1,9.
“The Write Stuff” by Sandra Campbell, The Bermudian magazine, April 2000.
‘They bought me as a butcher would a calf or lamb’ by Sara Wajid, The Guardian, October 19, 2007
Can you research these questions for The History of Mary Prince?
How and why die Mary Prince's story get into print?
What effect do you think the circumstances of its publication might have had on the form in which we have it (language, inclusion and exclusion of events, etc.)?
Who were the intended audience for The History of Mary Prince when it was first published, and what effect might their expectations have had on the way Mary told her story?
In what ways does she tailor her persuasive appeal to her audience?
What language did Mary Prince speak?
What are the implications of "translating" her words into Standard English?
What do we learn from Mary's narrative about slavery as an institution?
Consider slaves' work, families, punishment, master-slave relationships.
Where in Mary's narrative does she record herself as resisting her owners?
Is her resistance ever effective?
In what ways does Mary try to create safe spaces for herself within the restrictions of slavery?
Can a slave have a home? What are our normal associations with the word "home," and in what contexts does Mary Prince use the word?
List Mary's involuntary and semi-voluntary journeys. What effect did her mobility have on her?
Did she gain any advantage from her travel?
Do we see Mary grow and develop as a person in the course of her life story? What is the evidence of her growth?
Pringle's Supplement to Mary's History shows that he expected it to be controversial on its publication and documents the controversy that had already taken place as the Anti-Slavery Society tried to secure Mary's complete freedom. What was this controversy about, or what seems to have been at its centre?
What role(s) did Christianity play in Mary Prince's life?
Trace Mary Prince's use of the word "heart" through her narrative. In what contexts does she use it, and what does this important word come to mean or symbolise for her?